Kingdoms of Life

Information for biology nerds

Phylum: Prokaryotae

In this kingdom, all organisms are prokaryotes. In all the other kingdoms, all the organisms wer eukaryotic organisms. All prokaryotae are unicellular. A prokaryote means that their cell do not have a nucleus but there is still DNA but not in any organelle. There are not any membrane bound organelles as well. 

This kingdom is divided into the domains, Archea and Bacteria. These organisms also reproduce through binary fission. 

Phylum: Proteriobacteria
Species: E. Coli

Phylum: Proteriobacteria

Species: E. Coli

Kingdom: Protoctista

These are eukaryotic microorganisms. They are mostly unicellular organisms but there are some that are multicellular organisms without specialized tissues. Since they are unicellular or multicellular without specialized tissues, they cannot be part of fungi, animalia or plantae which are all also eukaryotic. They live in any environment that contains water and some like the algae are phototropic. Some are part of the plankton which are important primary producers for the ecosystem. Some protists are even responsible for human diseases like malaria.   

Phylum: Foraminifera
Species: A. tepida

Phylum: Foraminifera

Species: A. tepida

Phylum: Haptophyta
Species: G. Ocenica 

Phylum: Haptophyta

Species: G. Ocenica 

Kingdom: Fungi

These organisms used to be under plantae because they are immobile. However, now it has it’s own kingdom. They include microrganisms like yeasts and moulds as well as mushrooms. They are known to live on organic matter and decompose them. For example, it is common that mould will start growing on fruits and other food products as it becomes older. It is also used for fermentation of food products. 

They are not plants because they have a cell wall made of chitin and not cellulose. They do  not have chloroplasts and they are heterotropic. They are not animals because they have a celll wall and they are immobile. They are not prokaryotae because they are eukaryotic organisms. 

Phylum: Basidiomycota
Species: P. squamosus 

Phylum: Basidiomycota

Species: P. squamosus 

Phylum: Ascomycota 
Species: S. Coccinea 

Phylum: Ascomycota 

Species: S. Coccinea 

Phylum: Basidiomycota
Species: A. muscaria 

Phylum: Basidiomycota

Species: A. muscaria 

Kingdom: Plantae

These organisms are autotrophs which means they make their own food. They  get most of their energy from sunlight through photosynthesis using the chlorophyll in chloroplasts. They are immobile, multicellular and eukaryotic.  

Phylum: Angiospermophyta
Species: L. Candidum 

Phylum: Angiospermophyta

Species: L. Candidum 

Phylum: Angiospermophyta

These have diverse group of species. They produce flowers, endosperms in their seeds and also fruit which also contain their seeds. This is the only phylum that would contain flowers which makes it easily distinguishable. 

Phylum: Coniferophyta
Species: L. decidua 

Phylum: Coniferophyta

Species: L. decidua 

Phylum: Coniferophyta

These are commonly known as conifers. The majority of conifers are large trees and only a few a shrubs. They are dominant plants and grow over huge areas of land. Most conifers are evergreen and the leaves are long, thin and have like a needle like appearance. Common examples are pine, larches, redwoods, cypresses, cedars, spruces and yews. 

Phylum: Filicynphyta 
Species: D. antartica 

Phylum: Filicynphyta 

Species: D. antartica